With the Schengen agreement temporarily suspended by several European countries, many MEPs are now worried as to whether it can continue to survive in its original 1995 form. Named after a small town in Luxembourg, the treaty enshrines the free movement of people as a fundamental right of EU citizens. Although the original treaty was signed in 1985 by five countries, Schengen now incorporates 22 member states as well as four non-EU countries.
However, the recent terrorist attacks in Paris and an unprecedented influx of refugees have led a number of European countries to reintroduce border checks.
Despite the debate on migration, Italian EFDD LIBE committee member Ignazio Corrao still strongly believes in the free movement of people. "The redefinition of Schengen means questioning the identity of Europe."
For the Italian, "the EU and member states should deal with the problem jointly, with concrete actions rather than words."
Ultimately for Corrao, "the EU should show solidarity, rather than questioning one of the pillars of the EU. If the EU steps backs in relation to free movement of people, it will mean its end."